Communicable diseases (also called infectious diseases) kill more people worldwide than any other single cause. Infectious diseases are caused by germs. Germs are found everywhere - in air, soil and water. You can get infected by touching, eating, drinking or breathing something that contains a germ. Germs can also spread through animal and insect bites, kissing and sexual contact. Vaccines, proper hand washing and other good hygiene practices, safer sex practices, and medicines can help prevent infections.
There are four main kinds of germs:
The communicable disease section of the Chippewa County Health Department is responsible for the keeping track of the most common communicable diseases, including chicken pox, flu, hepatitis and tuberculosis.For the most recent table of prevalence of communicable diseases in Chippewa County and statewide, click here:To find the Michigan Department of Community Health Communicable Disease Resources, click here:Hepatitis C Fact SheetFore more infomration on Hepatitis A Click on the following: www.michigan.gov/hepatitisAoutbreak or Hepatitis A Fact Sheet
- Bacteria - single-celled organisms that multiply quickly and may release chemicals which can make you sick.
- Viruses - capsules that contain genetic material, and use your own cells to multiply.
- Fungi - primitive vegetables, like mushrooms or mildew.
- Protozoa - single-celled animals that use other living things for food and a place to live.